Baedeker Raids - War Memorial
What were they?
Luftwaffe Luftflotte 3
in two periods between April and June 1942. They targeted strategically
relatively unimportant but picturesque cities in England. The cities
were reputedly selected from the German Baedeker Tourist Guide to
Britain, meeting the criterion of having been awarded three stars,
hence the English name for the raids. Baron Gustav Braun von Stumm, a
German propagandist is reported to have said on 24 April 1942 following
the first attack, "We shall go out and bomb every building in Britain
marked with three stars in the Baedeker Guide."
What was the effect on Bath?
"High explosive bombs...killed over 400 people, totally destroyed 329
houses and shops, wrecked 700 more so severely that they had to be
demolished and inflicted some degree of damage on at least 1900
buildings." [Rothnie 1983
Although most of Bath's famous buildings were damaged to some extent (Queen Square
, Assembly Rooms,
), much damage was caused to residential areas,
where loss of life was considerable. A Memorial Garden
has been established
in Shaftesbury Road.
On the city's main war memorial
eastern entrance to Royal
Victoria Park there is a plaque engraved with names of all those known
to have lost their lives during the raids:
The smaller plaque contains the following dedication:
The text reads
"In memory of Bath's residents and visitors who lost their lives as
a result of air raids on the city 1941-1942
This memorial was funded and erected by the Bath Blitz Memorial
Project April 2003"
The larger plaque contains the names of those identified:
Location of War Memorial
Bath-Heritage.co.uk | Contact us|